brahmams tathapi prcchamo
dharman bhagavatams tava
yan srutva sraddhaya martyo
mucyate sarvato bhayat
Translation by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
O brahmana, although I am satisfied simply by seeing you, I still wish to inquire about those duties which give pleasure to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Any mortal who faithfully hears about them is freed from all kinds of fear.
Purport by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
According to Srila Jiva Gosvami, Narada Muni might have been reluctant to instruct Vasudeva because of natural respect for Vasudeva’s exalted position as the father of Krsna. Narada might have thought that since Vasudeva was already perfect in Krsna consciousness there was no need to instruct him in the process of devotional service. Therefore, anticipating Narada’s possible reluctance, Vasudeva specifically requested Narada to preach to him about devotional service to Krsna. This is the symptom of a pure devotee. A pure devotee of Krsna never considers himself exalted. To the contrary, he meekly feels that his devotional service is most imperfect but that somehow or other Lord Krsna, out of His causeless mercy, is accepting such imperfect service. Caitanya Mahaprabhu has stated in this regard:
trnad api sunicena
taror api sahisnuna
kirtaniyah sada harih
“One can chant the holy name of the Lord in a humble state of mind, feeling himself lower than the straw in the street. One should be more tolerant than a tree, devoid of all sense of false prestige, and ready to offer all respect to others.” (Siksastaka 3) The conditioned souls in this material world become falsely proud of their so-called family lineage. This pride is false because one who has taken birth in the material world is in a fallen situation, even in the best of cases. Vasudeva, however, was certainly not fallen, since he had taken birth in the family of Krsna. Since he was Krsna’s father, his position was most exalted, yet because he was a pure devotee he did not become proud of his special relationship with Krsna. Instead, considering himself deficient in spiritual understanding, he took advantage of the appearance of Narada Muni, a great preacher of Krsna consciousness, by immediately inquiring from him about devotional service. This incomparable humility of a pure devotee of Krsna is far superior to the false humility of the impersonalist, who actually maintains a desire to be equal to God though adopting the external behavior of a meek and saintly person.
Bhayam, or fear, is caused by seeing something other than Krsna (dvitiyabhinivesatah). Everything is actually an emanation from the Supreme Personality of Godhead, as stated in Vedanta-sutra (janmady asya yatah) and as confirmed in Bhagavad-gita (aham sarvasya prabhavah, vasudevah sarvam iti, etc.). Krsna is the well-wishing friend of every living entity (suhrdam sarva-bhutanam). If a living being gives up his misguided attempt to defy the Supreme Personality of Godhead and surrenders to the Lord, certainly he becomes confident in his eternal relationship with Krsna. A surrendered soul can actually experience that Krsna is his well-wishing friend, and since that friend is the supreme absolute controller of all existence, there is certainly no cause for fear. The son of a rich man certainly feels confident while touring the estate of his father. Similarly, an empowered representative of the government feels confident in the discharge of his duty. In the same way, a devotee of Krsna, acting as a representative of the Supreme Lord, feels confident because he can understand at every moment that the entire material and spiritual creation is strictly under the control of his benevolent master. The nondevotee, however, denies the supreme position of Krsna and therefore imagines that something is different from Krsna. For example, if a servant of the government thinks that there is some dangerous obstacle that cannot be controlled by the government’s power, he becomes fearful. If a child feels that there is some power that cannot be subdued by his father, then he becomes fearful. Similarly, because we artificially think that there is something within existence that is not under the strict control of the benevolent Lord, we become fearful. Such a concept of a second thing (something other than Krsna) is called dvitiyabhinivesa, and it immediately creates a foreign atmosphere of bhayam, or fear. Krsna is called abhayankara, which means that He destroys all fear in the heart of His devotee.
Sometimes so-called scholars, distraught after many years of impersonal speculation and enjoyment of materialistic life, become fearful and anxious. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati compares such disturbed philosophers to the bound vulture in the Chandogya Upanisad. Desiring liberation from fear, such speculators unfortunately concoct an imaginary liberation (vimukta-maninah) and try to take shelter of impersonal spiritual existence or voidness. But the Bhagavatam (10.2.32) states, aruhya krcchrena param padam tatah/ patanty adho ’nadrta-yusmad-anghrayah: because such speculators have not rectified their original mistake of rejecting their eternal relationship with the Supreme Personality of Godhead, they fall from their concocted liberation and thus remain in a fearful condition. Vasudeva, however, is openly eager to hear more and more about devotional service to Krsna, and therefore he states, yan srutva sraddhaya martyo mucyate sarvato bhayat: simply by hearing about pure devotional service to Krsna, a conditioned soul can easily free himself from all types of fear, and this transcendental freedom is certainly eternal.