bibhrad vapuh sakala-sundara-sannivesam
karmacaran bhuvi su-mangalam apta-kamah
asthaya dhama ramamana udara-kirtih
samhartum aicchata kulam sthita-krtya-sesah
Translationby His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
Sukadeva Gosvami said: The Lord, who bore His body as the amalgamation of everything beautiful, dutifully executed the most auspicious activities while on the earth, although He was, in fact, without any endeavor already satisfied in all desires. Residing in His abode and enjoying life, the Lord, whose glorification is in itself magnanimous, now wanted to annihilate His dynasty, as there still remained some small part of His duty to be carried out.
Purport by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
This verse answers Pariksit Maharaja’s question as to how the powerful members of the Yadu dynasty could be cursed by the brahmanas and thus destroy themselves in a fratricidal war. By the words samhartum aicchata kulam it is clearly stated that Lord Krsna Himself desired to withdraw His dynasty and therefore engaged the brahmanas as His agent. Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura remarks here that Krsna had clearly demonstrated the insurpassable beauty and strength of His personal form, pastimes and pleasures to all the residents of the earth. Thus His incarnation to kill the demons, save the devotees and reestablish religious principles had been completely successful. When Lord Krsna noticed that His mission was now complete, everything having been done perfectly, He desired to return to His transcendental abode, along with the Vrsnis. Thus the Lord personally arranged for the Yadu dynasty to be cursed by the brahmanas.
According to Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura, apta-kamah means that Krsna is always self-satisfied, and yet in order to execute His transcendental pastimes He arranged to destroy His own dynasty for three specific purposes, namely, to reestablish in the heavenly planets those demigods who had taken birth among the Yadus to assist Him, to reestablish His plenary Visnu expansions in Their abodes, such as Vaikuntha, Svetadvipa and Badarikasrama, and to remove Himself from the vision of the material world, along with His eternal associates.
In this connection, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati has made several important remarks about the destruction of the Yadu dynasty. He states that many so-called religious persons have fallen down by committing the second offense against chanting the holy name, namely visnau sarvesvarese tad-itara-sama-dhih, considering another living entity to be equal to Lord Visnu, who is the Lord of lords. One who is captured by the impersonal tendency of Mayavada philosophy falsely thinks that the external, material energy of the Lord is equal to His internal, spiritual potency. In this way, one equates ordinary living entities with the Supreme Personality of Godhead, taking Krsna to be another aspect of maya. This is a most unfortunate misconception, for it spoils one’s opportunity to understand God as He actually is.
Persons inclined toward this illusory conception of life would undoubtedly consider the members of the Yadu dynasty equal in all respects to Krsna and worship the future descendants of Krsna’s family as being equal to Krsna Himself. Thus the continued presence of the Yadu dynasty on the earth would certainly constitute a great impediment on the path of spiritual understanding and a great burden on the earth. To counteract the danger to the world from the offense of equating Visnu with the family of Visnu, the Lord decided to crush the Yadu family.
The Supreme Lord, Sri Krsna, is always affectionate to His devotees, but whenever the familial descendants of Lord Krsna become inimical or indifferent to Him, not loving His pure devotees or making friendship with His servants, such so-called family members of the Lord become impediments to His will. There is a tangible danger that ignorant living beings will worship such inimical persons, revering them as close associates of Krsna. For example, to consider Kamsa the maternal uncle of Krsna and therefore a faithful servant of Krsna would be a completely erroneous conclusion. By such a misconception, evil men who oppose the Lord may be accepted as His intimate associates, and persons inimical to Krsna may be thought of as His surrendered dependents appearing in His own family. The purpose of the destruction of the Yadu dynasty was to eradicate the false logic of the Mayavadis who desire to see everything as one in all respects and who therefore improperly reason that the enemies of Krsna’s devotees can be His intimate family members.