suko yad aha bhagavan
sauro gano masi masi
nana vasati saptakah
tesam namani karmani
bruhi nah sraddadhananam
vyuham suryatmano hareh
Sri Saunaka said: Please describe to us, who have great faith in your words, the different sets of seven personal features and associates the sun-god exhibits during each month, along with their names and activities. The associates of the sun-god, who serve their lord, are personal expansions of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Hari in His feature as the presiding deity of the sun.
After hearing an account of the exalted conversation between Sukadeva Gosvami and Maharaja Pariksit, Saunaka now inquires about the sun as the expansion of the Supreme Lord. Although the sun is the king of all planets, Sri Saunaka is specifically interested in this effulgent globe as the expansion of Sri Hari, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
The personalities related with the sun are of seven categories. In the course of the sun’s orbit there are twelve months, and in each month a different sun-god and a different set of his six associates preside. In each of the twelve months beginning from Vaisakha there are different names for the sun-god himself, the sage, the Yaksa, the Gandharva, the Apsara, the Raksasa and the Naga, making a total of seven categories.