juhvantam ca vitanagnin
yajantam pañcabhir makhaih
bhojayantam dvijan kvapi
In one place the Lord was offering oblations into the sacrificial fires; in another, worshiping through the five maha-yajñas; in another, feeding brahmanas; and in yet another, eating the remnants of food left by brahmanas.
The five maha-yajñas, or great sacrifices, are defined as follows: patho homas catithinam saparya tarpanam balih — “reciting the Vedas, offering oblations into the sacrificial fire, waiting on guests, making offerings to the forefathers, and offering [a share of one’s food] to living entities in general.”
Srila Prabhupada comments as follows on these sacrifices: “In another palace Krsna was found performing the pañca-yajña sacrifice, which is compulsory for a householder. This yajña is also known as pañca-suna. Knowingly or unknowingly, everyone, specifically the householder, is committing five kinds of sinful activities. When we receive water from a water pitcher, we kill many germs that are in it. Similarly, when we use a grinding machine or take foodstuffs, we kill many germs. When sweeping the floor or igniting a fire we kill many germs, and when we walk on the street we kill many ants and other insects. Consciously or unconsciously, in all our different activities, we are killing. Therefore, it is incumbent upon every householder to perform the pañca-suna sacrifice to rid himself of the reactions to such sinful activities.”
Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti, in his commentary on this verse, again points out that all the different times of the day were occurring simultaneously in Lord Krsna’s palaces. Thus Narada saw a fire sacrifice — a morning ritual — and at about the same time he saw Lord Krsna feeding the brahmanas and accepting their remnants — a noontime activity.